Galena T-90 Hop Pellets - 2oz
US Galena T90 Hop Pellets, 2 oz sealed package
Galena was first created in 1968 in Idaho as part of the USDA hop breeding program. After testing a hop bred from a Brewer's Gold female and open pollination, Galena hit the market in 1978 just before the 1980 world wide hop shortage.
Galena was originally created as a high alpha bittering hop, lending a clean and mellow bitterness due to medium-low Cohumulones. It's ideal as a bittering hop for most beer styles, and widely used to this day commercially in that capacity, although the bitter profile can become harsh if you use high quantities. In later additions it can bring a wonderful, black currant characteristic when used in smaller doses, which can become catty in higher doses. This is an ideal bittering hop for bigger beers that you plan on storing for long periods due to higher beta acid content.
Aroma and Flavor
Expect light and sweet stonefruit and black currant in later additions when used somewhat sparingly. Galena shines as a flavor and aroma addition in darker, fruit forward stouts and belgian styles. With the right combination, you can pull subtle citrus elements and light pineapple, as well as some gently spicy woody characteristics.
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I've used Galena in my hop arsenal for years, and only sometimes in hoppy beers! This is my favorite hop for all things dark and fruity, including big Stouts and Porters. It is higher alpha, but seems to add some killer currant characteristics no matter when it goes in. More, of course, the later you add it, but it always seems to round out these big, dark beers with some fruit to play off of C-120 and English 170, like it's made for it!
Average Acid Content
|Alpha Acids:||13% - 15%|
|Beta Acids:||7.5% - 8.0%|
|Co-Humulone:||34% - 39%|
Average Oil Content (% of Total Oils)
|Total Oils:||1.3 - 2.1 mL/100g|
|Myrcene:||40% - 50%|
|Humulene:||11% - 17%|
|Caryophyllene:||5% - 9%|
|B-Pinene:||0.4% - 0.7%|
|Linalool:||0.1% - 0.3%|
|Geraniol:||0.5% - 0.8%|
Possible Substitutes for Galena
The commonly accepted substitutes for Galena are Nugget, which is a smoother, cleaner bitter with more herbal and less fruity aromas, Magnum for a nice, clean and mellow bitter and little to no late addition aromas or flavors, or Columbus, which is a more earthy bitter and more dank aroma and flavor.
Read More About Hops, Hop Varieties and Hop Usage on BrewCranium!
|Hop Series Volume 1: What is a Cryohop?|
|Hop Series Volume 2: Getting What You Want From Your Hops|
|Hop Series Volume 3: Noble Hops|
|Hop Series Volume 4: Understanding Hop Oils|
|Whole Cone vs. Pellet Hops|
|Hop Resins: Alpha and Beta Acids|
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